The 17-β-oestradiol inhibits osteoclast activity by increasing the cannabinoid CB2 receptor expression, 2013


Authors: Francesca Rossi, Giulia Bellini, Livio Luongo, Silvia Mancusi, Marco Torella, Chiara Tortora, Iolanda Manzo, Francesca Guida, Bruno Nobili, Vito de Novellis, Sabatino Maione


Bone is a highly metabolically active tissue and its formation and resorption is at the base of bone remodelling. The critical importance of a balanced bone remodelling is demonstrated by human diseases, i.e. osteoporosis, in which a net increase in bone resorption is responsible of skeleton weakening and fracture risk. Oestrogens display anti-resorptive properties on bone metabolism. Indeed, the so-called post-menopausal osteoporosis occurs after interruption of gonad function and benefits from hormonal replacement treatment. Recently, an important role for the endocannabinoid system in the regulation of skeletal remodelling in human has also been shown. In particular, we showed that CB2 stimulation is able to reduce the number of human OCs in vitro. Here, we provide unprecedented evidence that 17-β-oestradiol administration inhibits activity and formation of human OCs in vitro, demonstrating that oestrogens are able to induce an increase of CB2 expression probably through the recruitment of a putative oestrogens responsive element in the CB2 encoding for gene.

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